The collapse of the former Soviet Union with the fall of the Berlin walls in
December 25th 1991 took place under the leadership of Mikhail Gorbachev
and Boris Yeltsin. The first failed in trying to democratise Soviet Union in
1990, and the latter to hold political and economic power between 1991
and 1999 during his presidency. An uprising and turmoil began within the
Soviet Union in 1991. This was the end of the Cold War between the
Soviet Union and United States of America. Then 15 countries were
formed as a result, including Ukraine with a population 44.5 million with
Kiev as its capital. The first conflict between Russia and Ukraine began in
2014 due to the fact that Ukraine wanted to be part of NATO.
President Biden recently announced to the US Congress that they are
determined to defend freedom in Ukraine. After much political and
military dialogue, the 30 NATO countries are united to help Ukraine, and
prevent a possible Russian invasion of NATO member countries.
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty). Its acronym in Spanish OTAN, was founded
in 1949, after the Second World War by 12 countries, including the United
States, Canada, UK, and France. Its purpose was initially to control the
threat of Russian expansion after World War II. Then, among other goals,
NATO seeks to prevent conflicts, seeking peace resolutions between
countries in conflict. The 30 member countries have an agreement on
military and political aid in case any NATO member country is attacked.
NATO has a staff of 3 million and a military force that includes aircraft,
tanks, ships and nuclear weapons. NATO cannot intervene in Ukraine
because they are not members of NATO. But they have decided to send
aid in military and humanitarian weaponry to Ukraine through Poland and
Romania. President Biden said in his statements to the US Congress on
Tuesday that NATO is mobilized for possible attacks against its member
countries,. It is necessary to remember that Russia has opposed Sweden,
Finland and recently Ukraine being members of NATO.
The 30 COUNTRIES of NATO include the founding members in 1949;
United States, Canada, United Kingdom, France, Luxembourg, Holland,
Iceland, Denmark, Belgium, Italy, Norway and Portugal. Others accepted
into membership are Greece and Turkey (1952), Germany (1955), Spain
(1982), Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland (1999), Estonia, Latvia,
Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia (2004), Albania and Croatia
(2009), Montenegro (2017), North Macedonia (2020).
Countries that openly support Russia are Burma, Venezuela, Belarus and
Syria. China, although it has a cooperation agreement that will come to
an end in 2026, remains reserved with military aid, but has increased its
wheat export to Russia. Three elements that play an important role within
international relations and political economy are wheat, gas and oil, apart
from technology and military power.
Some of the political and economic sanctions on Russia currently are:
1.The inoperability of Russian banks globally. The ruble has been
devalued by 30%, in the last two days.
2. NATO and its 30 members have decided to be united against the
Russian invasion and to give arms aid but not to intervene directly in their
3. Receiving the more than a million refugees and giving them financial
aid. In other words Europe is looking after Ukrainian refugees.
4. Russia has been banned from world sport, and cinema, and some
states have banned the importation of Vodka (imported only by USA to
the tune of 1.4 billion a year).
5. Provision of financial aid of hundreds of millions of euros to Ukraine.
In the midst of this new Post-Covid reality, the world is facing one of its
biggest political and military crises. What does the church have to do
besides praying? To contribute to world evangelization and to strengthen
missionary work in its variety of models, both in words and in deeds.
Evangelization and social responsibility are inseparable.
JESUS tells us, “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called
children of God.” (Matthew 5:9). The redemptive mission is reconciliation
with God to obtain peace. But the church is also called to work for the
peace of the world, both in the proclamation of the gospel and in her
social responsibility, which are inseparable in the mission of the church in
About the author
Samuel Cueva holds a PhD in Theology from the University of Wales, and a MA in Mission Studies from The University of Birmingham. He is a missiologist, writer and mission consultant promoting two-way mission bridges to every continent for the fulfilment of God’s mission, and developing a mission theology of reciprocal collaboration. He currently is a member of the Latin American Theological Fraternity, and a council member of the Evangelical Alliance (UK); advisory member of One People Commission (Evangelical Alliance UK); board member of the Centre for Missionaries from the Majority Segoe UI World (African initiative), board member of the steering committee of the Equip7: Learning Community (Asian initiative). He has been a Visiting Lecturer in Missiology at the University of Roehampton (UK), His most recent publication is Mission Partnership in Creative Tension. He currently lives in London.